Among the milestones of adulthood, becoming a parent is one. As such, for both them
and those around them have to undergo through intense learning to adjust to the changes that
come along (Fine, et al., 2012).It is during these times that healthy women seek guidance and
thus interventions provided by the care giver largely affects the well-being of the subject, the
unborn baby, and the rest of the family members for a very long time (Fine, et al., 2012).The
prenatal phase avails to the nurses and other individuals who make up the healthcare team with
an opportunity to influence health in a family.
For a majority of women, missing a menstrual period is a sign that they are pregnant and
most of them attend their first prenatal visit after the test is positive.However, diagnosis proves
to be challenging before missing the second period (Leifer, 2013). For instance, physical
variations, tumors, or obesity can confuse even the most experienced examiner. However,
accuracy in this case is paramount because there are serious social, emotional, legal, or medical
consequences for a diagnosis that could mislead. To ensure that it is correctly done, factors such
as basal body temperature (BBT), and a reliable date for the last menstrual period (LMP)are of
greatvalue (Leifer, 2013).
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On accepting the nature of the situation, a woman’s self-concept changesas she prepares
her new role as a parent. She moves to being committed to a lifelong concern for another person
from being an independent person (Leifer, 2015). This transformation requires mastery of
developmental responsibilities. For example, accepting the pregnancy, reordering how she relates with her mother and her partner, as well as identifying with the roles of a mother (Leifer, 2015).
The prenatal phase avails to the nurses and other individuals who make up the healthcare
team with an opportunity to influence health in a family. They diagnose if their patients are
pregnant and also guide them on the responsibilities they should expect as parents.
Fine, S. H., Krell, R., Lin, T., Beiser, M., Freeman, D. S., & Nann, R. (2012). Today’s Priorities
in Mental Health: Children and Families – Needs, Rights and Action. Dordrecht: Springer
Leifer, G. (2013). Maternity nursing: An introductory text. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Health
Leifer, G. (2015). Introduction to maternity and pediatric nursing. St. Louis, Missouri : Elsevier
Read PDF : Nursing Care of the Family During Pregnancy