Diabetes is a medical condition that interferes with the body’s ability to process blood sugar/glucose. Understanding the causes and treatment of diabetes increases your chances of identifying it early and successfully managing it. Studies show that there are more than 30.2 million people living with diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes in the United States. This is roughly 27.9 and 32.7 % of the population. Lack of prompt treatment and management of diabetes may lead to a buildup of sugars in the blood. This may further lead to illnesses such as heart disease and stroke.
Causes of Diabetes
There are different types of diabetes and each is brought about by a different factor. The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. However, it is believed that type 1 diabetes is caused when the body is unable to produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes interferes with the body’s ability to utilize insulin. It is the most common type of diabetes. Gestational diabetes is the type of diabetes that develops in women during pregnancy. In this case, the mother’s body becomes less sensitive to insulin but the condition quickly resolves post-partum.
Treatment of Diabetes
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Upon diagnosis, type 1 diabetes patients are expected to take artificial insulin on a daily basis in order to stay alive. The same case applies to some of those with type 2 diabetes. This group may be needed to inhale or inject insulin to keep their insulin levels at a healthy rate.
Doctors also tend to advise diabetes patients to make lifestyle changes purposely to reduce weight as well as to contribute to their overall health.
The patient may also be referred to a nutritionist so that they can lead an active balanced lifestyle in order to manage the condition.
There are different types of insulin which are grouped by the duration of their effect; rapid, intermediate, regular and long acting insulin. Diabetes patients will need to use a glucometer to keep track of their blood sugar levels. This will help a type 1 diabetes patient to determine how much insulin they will need.